Smart buildings refer to the modern day technological advanced structures which are created with the help of information technology and modern architecture. These buildings may be built for residential or official purposes depending on the need and requirements, sometimes for both. These days advanced IT techniques are being used to make these buildings comfortable, easy to work in and safe.
But the fact that such techniques are used for the betterment of these buildings also brings in unwanted threats. Though these threats have been downplayed for a long time but recent incidents have forced stakeholders and developers to recognize cyber threat as a major and imminent issue.
The increasing focus on making buildings more efficient and up to date with present competitive Environment involves a great use of modern day web enabled technologies. Though majority of IT companies have successfully implemented a safe and secure working Environment around a smart building, the same cannot be said for other organizations. Such systems are not only interconnected but also connected to the outside world through the IOT (Internet of Things).Hence, making the building system ever more exposed and vulnerable.
Hacking into smart building can bring upon a number of risks and threats to both the external and internal assets of an organization like stealing of important data, access to hardware and software, access to building’s components like air conditioning, coolers, lightening, etc .
Vast connectivity of a building to the outside world leaves these buildings exposed and is one of the major reasons for Cyber Attacks.
Outdated database or a database which is not regularly updated is always at risk of being compromised. Such databases which are not updated may still store details of ex-employees whose credentials could be used for getting into a buildings system.
Software and hardware devices bought from vendors which do not completely understand the working and threats involved in IT industry. Many such devices have very little security in them to meet the modern day standards.
Measures for Avoidance:
Keeping the database up to date and regular monitoring of employee details and updating employee information.
Timely removal and updating of ex-employee data and also any such data which can invite unwanted threats.
Buying software and hardware devices from trusted vendors who have a good understanding of the working of modern IT industry and smart buildings.
On the technology front, all software and security level patching should be timely updated and regular monitoring should be done to detect any possible intrusions. Protection against viruses and other malware should be checked.
Also, the human element of risk should be kept in mind. Someone can deliberately or unknowingly enter the system which can result in catastrophic outcomes.