Floating Offshore Wind Energy Market Size, Share, Opportunities, And Trends By Water Depth (Shallow Water (less Than 30 M Depth), Transitional Water (30 M To 60 M Depth), Deep Water (Higher Than 60 M Depth)), By Turbine Capacity (Up To 3MW, 3MW-5MW, Above 5MW), And By Geography - Forecasts From 2023 To 2028
- Published : Aug 2023
- Report Code : KSI061615961
- Pages : 129
The floating offshore wind energy market is anticipated to grow at a steady pace throughout the forecast period. Floating offshore wind energy refers to the generation of electricity from wind turbines that are mounted on floating structures anchored in deep waters, typically located far from the shoreline. There are abundant sources of wind energy in deep waters which is a major growth driver of the floating offshore wind energy market. Moreover, the rising environmental concern followed by commitments to reduce carbon emissions is also expected to stimulate market expansion. Further, government policies along with technological advancements and institutional support are accelerating the floating offshore wind energy market.
Abundant Wind Resources in Deep Waters
Many regions with significant offshore wind potential have deep waters that are unsuitable for fixed-bottom installations. Floating offshore wind technology enables access to these untapped wind resources which is expected to propel the floating offshore wind energy market. For instance, within 50 nautical miles of the U.S. coast, deep-water wind resources can produce 900 GW of energy as per the NCBI study. Moreover, about 68 percent of the offshore wind resources in the US are located in regions with deep water according to the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Additionally, more than 80% of potential offshore wind sources in Europe are located in deep waters.
Rising Carbon Reduction Commitments
Governments and international agreements such as the Paris Agreement have set ambitious targets to mitigate climate change and reduce carbon emissions. Floating offshore wind energy is a renewable energy source that plays a crucial role in achieving these goals therefore these increasing commitments are accelerating the floating offshore wind energy market. For instance, the European Commission aims to increase the EU's goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to at least 55% below 1990 levels by 2030 under the 2030 Climate Target Plan. Moreover, a High-Level Expert Group on the Net-Zero Emissions Commitments of Non-State Entities was established by the UN Secretary in March 2022.
Government and Institutional Supportive Policies
Many governments worldwide have implemented supportive policies and financial incentives to encourage the development of renewable energy, including floating offshore wind. These policies include feed-in tariffs, tax credits, and renewable energy targets which are stimulating the floating offshore wind energy market. For instance, the US Department of Energy's Floating Offshore Wind Energy Shot initiative aims to lower the cost of floating offshore wind energy by more than 70%, to $45 per megawatt-hour for deep ocean locations far from shore by 2035. Moreover, the coalition agreement (2021) and the climate accord (2019) both contain commitments to uphold the Netherlands' offshore wind energy policy.
There have been significant technological advancements in floating offshore wind technology, leading to cost reductions and increased efficiency. For example, various innovative designs for floating platforms have been developed, such as semi-submersible, spar-buoy, tension leg platform (TLP), and barge-like structures. These platforms are engineered to withstand harsh offshore conditions and provide stable foundations for wind turbines. The construction of the world’s largest floating farm named Hywind Tampen using spar-buoy technology was started in October 2020 in Norway. Moreover, wind turbine technology has seen continuous improvements including larger rotor diameters, higher hub heights, and more efficient blade designs. These enhancements increase the energy capture and efficiency of floating offshore wind turbines.
Restraints in the Market
The floating offshore wind energy market has experienced growth and development however some restraints or challenges can impact its expansion. For example, it is still considered relatively new and less mature than fixed-bottom offshore wind or other renewable energy sources. Additionally, increased use of solar and gas energy, which are among the greener energy sources, is anticipated to reduce the need for wind energy. Further, floating offshore wind turbines are exposed to harsh marine environments and extreme weather conditions, which can impact their performance and require robust engineering solutions. Each project site presents unique challenges and designing suitable floating platforms for specific locations can be complex.
Europe is Expected to Grow Considerably
Europe is expected to hold a significant share of the floating offshore wind energy market during the forecast period. The factors attributed to such a share are increasing installations of wind energy plants, numerous collaborations and projects, favorable government policies, and abundant sources in deep waters. For instance, an agreement for offshore oil and gas facilities that offshore wind turbines would mostly power was executed between Cerulean Winds and Ping Petroleum UK in August 2022. Moreover, the programs such as European Wind Initiative (WIP), and the Wind Energy R&D program are further expected to accelerate the market expansion.
Major Market Players
- Vestas Wind Systems AS, founded in 1945 is a Danish wind turbine manufacturer and one of the largest companies in the wind energy industry globally. The company's recent introduction of the V236-15.0 MWTM, the world's first 15 MW turbine aims to reduce energy costs and upend the status quo with cutting-edge technology.
- Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy SA is headquartered in Spain and it designs, manufactures, installs, and services onshore and offshore wind turbines. In July 2021, Siemens Gamesa was involved in the TetraSpar Demonstration Project, which marked a significant milestone as the first large-scale trial of a commercially-developed floating offshore wind power foundation.
- General Electric Company is a multinational conglomerate with a diverse range of businesses including involvement in the renewable energy sector such as wind energy. The Haliade-X developed by the company was the first 14 MW offshore wind turbine in the sector to become operational.
Key Market Developments
- In February 2023, Odjfell Oceanwind launched Deepsea Star™ harsh environment floating wind foundation which is designed to support wind turbines with a capacity of 15 MW and more. It is a semi-submersible steel design with center wind turbine power.
- In May 2022, China installed its largest offshore floating wind turbine as part of a project intended to improve technology and show the potential of floating wind power generation. The China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) subsidiary Haizhuang WindPower built the Fuyao floater, which has a 6.2 MW typhoon-resistant wind turbine with a rotor diameter of 152 meters.
- In March 2022, SBM Offshore launched its new floating wind energy solution named Float4Wind™ to support the energy transition. It represents an enhanced Tension Leg Platform (TLP) design, specifically optimized for capturing offshore wind energy, thanks to its exceptional stability and minimal motion in challenging marine conditions.
- By Water Depth
- Shallow Water (less than 30 m depth)
- Transitional Water (30 m to 60 m depth)
- Deep Water (Higher than 60 m depth)
- By Turbine Capacity
- Up to 3MW
- Above 5MW
- By Geography
- North America
- United States
- South America
- United Kingdom
- The Middle East and Africa
- Saudi Arabia
- Asia Pacific
- South Korea
- North America
1.1. Energy Transition Status
1.2. Sector-wise Analysis: Examination of Key Industries and Their Implications
1.3. Socio-Economic Impact of Energy Transition
2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
2.1. Research Data
3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
3.1. Research Highlights
4. ENERGY AND POWER INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
4.2. Energy Industry Overview
4.2.1. Global Energy Production (in EJ)
22.214.171.124. Middle East & Africa
126.96.36.199. Asia Pacific
4.2.2. Energy Mix, By Fuel
4.3. Power Industry Overview
4.3.1. Global Power Generation (in TWh)
4.3.2. Power Mix
4.4. Russian-Ukraine War Impact
4.4.1. Supply Shocks
4.4.2. Rising Energy Prices
4.4.3. Repercussions On Economic Policy
5. MARKET DYNAMICS
5.1. Market Drivers
5.2. Market Restraints
5.3. CO2 Emissions
5.3.3. Natural Gas
5.4. Clean Energy Investment
5.4.1. Electricity Generation
5.4.2. Energy Infrastructure
6. GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS/POLICIES
6.1. Net Zero Commitments
6.2. Remuneration Schemes
7. FLOATING OFFSHORE WIND ENERGY MARKET, BY WATER DEPTH
7.2. Shallow Water (less than 30 m depth)
7.3. Transitional Water (30 m to 60 m depth)
7.4. Deep Water (Higher than 60 m depth)
8. FLOATING OFFSHORE WIND ENERGY MARKET, BY TURBINE CAPACITY
8.2. Up to 3MW
8.4. Above 5MW
9. FLOATING OFFSHORE WIND ENERGY MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY
9.2. North America
9.2.1. United States
9.3. South America
9.4.1. United Kingdom
9.5. The Middle East and Africa
9.5.1. Saudi Arabia
9.6. Asia Pacific
9.6.4. South Korea
10. RECENT DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTMENTS
11. COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT AND ANALYSIS
11.1. Major Players and Strategy Analysis
11.2. Market Share Analysis
11.3. Vendor Competitiveness Matrix
12. COMPANY PROFILES
12.1. Vestas Wind Systems AS
12.2. General Electric Company
12.3. Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy SA
12.4. BW Ideol AS
12.5. Equinor ASA
12.6. Marubeni Corporation
12.7. Macquarie Group Limited
12.8. Doosan Enerbility Co. Ltd.
Vestas Wind Systems AS
General Electric Company
Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy SA
BW Ideol AS
Macquarie Group Limited
Doosan Enerbility Co. Ltd.
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