The hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market was valued at US$460.428 million in 2020 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 46.65% over the forecast period to reach a total market size of US$6,717.320 million in 2027.
Mounting concerns across the globe regarding the harmful effects of emissions from vehicles powered by conventional fuels have been pushing the scientific world towards eco-friendly alternatives to power vehicles. Although the renewable energy sector has come a long way in this direction, finding a perfect energy source, that can offer the same level of power and reliability as conventional fuels, is still a target unmet. Huge investments that are flowing into alternative fuels for powering vehicles have been bringing about advancements in the field of hydrogen fuel cells as well. Just like conventional electricity supply, which works on the principle that charge flowing through a wire leads to the flow of electric current, hydrogen also has the capability to produce and deliver huge amounts of energy. Since onboard storage of hydrogen in vehicles in a reliable and safe manner is required, hydrogen fuel cells are expected to bring about the next wave of disruption in the automotive industry. A hydrogen fuel cell can be defined as an electrochemical device that generates electric current or power with the help of reactions that involve chemical gases and oxidants. With the help of anodes and electrolytes, fuel cells split the positive and negative ions in the reactant to generate electricity. What makes this technology very promising for the future is its being very sustainable in nature. Reactants, which are used in fuel cells, do not pose any risk to the environment as a by-product of the chemical reaction between them is water. The high efficiency of this technology makes it fit for use in the generation of direct current (DC) which can power cars and other vehicles. Researchers are working towards integrating hydrogen fuel cells with advanced control systems in order to add sustainability to hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market growth is majorly attributed to rising fuel prices across the globe. According to data from the International Energy Agency, the average price of gasoline (world average) stood at US$0.92 per liter, and that for automotive use stood at US$1.00 per liter. These prices continued to show an upward trend until, in 2009, the average price for gasoline and automotive fuel slipped down to US$0.87 per liter and US$0.94 per liter, respectively.
The global recession was at its peak by this time, and demand for automotive fuel had taken a significantly heavy hit. The prices bounced back again and reached US$1.08 per liter for gasoline and US$1.17 per liter for automotive diesel in 2012. Another blow to these prices was witnessed in 2015 and 2016 when the prices for gasoline and automotive diesel tumbled down to US$0.84 per liter and US$0.92 per liter respectively in 2015 and to US$0.78 per liter and US$0.85 per liter, respectively, in 2016. This was the time when Middle East Respiratory Syndrome brought about immense chaos in the Middle East. After recovery from this chaos, the fuel prices continued their movement on the growth trajectory until again, in 2020, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, these prices dropped drastically. What is interesting to note here is that the prices for fuel have continued to show decent growth except for the times when the world or part of the world has witnessed a major crisis. As this trend continues, fuel prices will continue to remain a key concern for people. This will continue to push them to look for ways this cost can be reduced. This is increasing the popularity of fuel cell vehicles among them, thus propelling market growth.
The popularity of fuel cell vehicles is also being spurred by their continuously declining prices. The FCVs have been witnessing a dramatic decline in prices over the past few years, and this decline will continue to hold ground over the next decade and even beyond that. Interestingly, the production of fuel cell vehicles has been limited till now. Despite this, their prices, especially fuel cell buses have witnessed a drop of more than 60% over the past decade. This decline in prices is majorly attributed to continuous advancements in technology and innovations, which have been catalyzing improvements across solutions. For instance, Ballard Power Systems, which is one of the leading providers of advanced fuel cell solutions that promise superior output at a lower operating cost, recently announced the launch of its 8th generation fuel cell power module, which pushes up the bar for the company had previously set in terms of the performance of fuel cells. The FCmove™, which is the latest fuel cell power module, promises a reduction of around 35% in the total life cycle costs which is better than what previous-generation fuel cells promised.
The company claims that with every launch of new generation fuel cells, this cost gets slashed by more than 33%. Many other companies operating in this segment have been pumping funds rigorously into research and development in order to increase the efficiency of the fuel cell modules they offer. In conjunction with this, other factors like declining prices of hydrogen storage tanks and improvements in the integration of vehicle powertrains have also been driving down the prices of fuel cell vehicles. The race is so competitive that some companies are coming up with hybrid designs in which small hydrogen fuel cells are combined with lithium batteries which are already witnessing a continuous decline in prices. As a result, the total cost of ownership (TCO) of fuel cell vehicles is comparable to that of electric vehicles and lower than that of conventional fuel vehicles. For instance, the fleet of buses, which is part of Europe’s H2Bus Project, is among the fleets which offer very low TCO and zero-emission across regions.
Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are profitable even from an infrastructure point of view. Although fuel cell vehicles are still somewhat expensive today, their high price is offset to some extent by the fairly low cost that goes into refuelling infrastructure. Simply put, the cost of infrastructure attributed to fuel cell buses goes down as the volume of fuel cell buses increases. On the other hand, an increase in the number of battery-electric buses per charging station increases the infrastructure cost per vehicle since there is a need for more power. In short, hydrogen fuel is expected to continue to get cheaper. As the production of renewable energy at low cost supports the generation of green hydrogen at parity with conventional fuel prices in some regions, we can say that hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are smarter and more cost-efficient modes of mobility and perhaps the future of smart mobility. The adoption of these vehicles is expected to continue increasing over the projected period, thus propelling the market growth.
Geographically, the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market has been segmented into North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and the Asia Pacific. To give a clearer view, these regional markets have been further segmented into countries that account for a significant share of the market. North America and Europe are known to be the early adopters of new technologies, and these account for a significant share of the overall market. Market growth in these regions is majorly attributed to the presence of state-of-the-art infrastructure which is favourable for the growth of this market. Since supportive infrastructure is available, customers are showing an increase in the degree of inclination they have towards hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Furthermore, stringent regulations in these regions regarding environmental protection and strict enforcement of such regulations by law enforcement agencies have been pushing people to adopt more sustainable and environmentally-friendly solutions. Although the prices of these vehicles are high, on account of their being new in the market, these regions have a fairly large chunk of the population with high disposable income. These trends are driving the adoption of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles among customers in these regions, thus propelling the market growth.
Asia-Pacific is one of the most lucrative markets for hydrogen fuel cell vehicle manufacturers as this region holds immense growth potential for this market. China, Japan, and South Korea are very lucrative markets for market players as they have the infrastructure to support the adoption of these vehicles. Japan is one of the most advanced economies in the world and has been contributing significantly to the protection of the environment on various fronts. As market players seek to tap into the growth potential held by this region, they are pumping investments into countries. This is expected to continue driving the market growth over the projected period.
Most organizations were severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of the shutdown of most important industries, the global economy has been on a downward trend. The automotive industries were also negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. With the implementation of lockdown protocols and the halting of automotive industries, the sales and production of new cars suffered. Lack of labour and raw materials also affected the market. This led to a disruption in supply and production lines, which led to a massive slowdown, even after most lockdown protocols were lifted. Customers were met by long waiting queues, due to vehicle scarcity. However, the market has been recovering at a fast pace, and with the implementation of government norms to reduce pollution and employ renewable power sources; the hydrogen fuel cell market is anticipated to grow substantially.
Prominent key players in the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market include Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc., Hyundai Motor UK, The BMW Group, Daimler AG, Nikola Corporation, and American Honda Motor Co., Inc. These companies hold a noteworthy share of the market on account of their good brand image and product offerings. Major players in the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market have been covered along with their relative competitive positions and strategies. The report also mentions recent deals and investments of different market players over the last two years.
|Market Size Value in 2020||US$460.428 million|
|Market Size Value in 2027||US$6717.320 million|
|Growth Rate||CAGR of 46.65% from 2020 to 2027|
|Forecast Unit (Value)||USD Million|
|Segments Covered||Type, And Geography|
|Regions Covered||North America, South America, Europe, Middle East and Africa, Asia Pacific|
|Companies Covered||Toyota Motor Corporation, Hyundai Motor Company, BayerischeMotoren Werke AG, Mercedes-Benz Group AG, Honda Motor Company, Nikola Corporation|
|Customization Scope||Free report customization with purchase|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q1. What will be the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market size by 2027?
A1. The hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market is expected to reach a total market size of US$6717.320 million in 2027.
Q2. What are the growth prospects for the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market?
A2. The global hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 46.65% during the forecast period.
Q3. What is the size of the global hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market?
A3. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Market was valued at US$460.428 million in 2020.
Q4. Which region holds the largest market share in the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market?
A4. North America and Europe are known to be the early adopters of new technologies, and these account for a significant share of the overall hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market.
Q5. What factors are anticipated to drive the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market growth?
A5. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle market growth is majorly attributed to rising fuel prices across the globe.
1.1. Market Definition
1.2. Market Segmentation
2. Research Methodology
2.1. Research Data
3. Executive Summary
3.1. Research Highlights
4. Market Dynamics
4.1. Market Drivers
4.2. Market Restraints
4.3. Porters Five Forces Analysis
4.3.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.3.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
4.3.3. Threat of New Entrants
4.3.4. Threat of Substitutes
4.3.5. Competitive Rivalry in the Industry
4.4. Market Attractiveness- Regional Snapshot
5. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Analysis, By Type
5.2. Passenger Vehicles
5.3. Commercial Vehicles
6. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Analysis, By Geography
6.3. Europe Middle East and Africa
6.4. Asia Pacific
7. Competitive Environment and Analysis
7.1. Major Players and Strategy Analysis
7.2. Emerging Players and Market Lucrativeness
7.3. Mergers, Acquisitions, Agreements, and Collaborations
7.4. Vendor Competitiveness Matrix
8. Company Profiles
8.1. Toyota Motor Corporation
8.2. Hyundai Motor Company
8.3. BayerischeMotoren Werke AG
8.4. Mercedes-Benz Group AG
8.5. Honda Motor Company
8.6. Nikola Corporation
Toyota Motor Corporation
Hyundai Motor Company
BayerischeMotoren Werke AG
Mercedes-Benz Group AG
Honda Motor Company
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